The Masjid Wazir Khan located inside the city in Lahore, is famous for its extensive faience tile work. It has been described as mole on the cheek of Lahore. It was built in seven years, starting around 1634-1635 A.D., during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. It was built by Shaikh Ilm-ud-din Ansari, a native of Chiniot, who rose to be the court physician to Shah Jahan and later, the Governor of Lahore.
The material used in the construction of the Masjid is small tile-like brick, when stone was unusable or very costly. The walls were coated with plaster (chunam) and faced with a finely-soft. The extreme severity of the lines of the building is relieved by the division of the surfaces into slightly sunk rectangular panels, alternatively vertical and horizontal, the vertical panels having usually an inner panel with arched head or the more florid cusped Mihrab. These panels, where they are exposed to weather, are generally filled with a peculiar inlaid faience pottery called Kashi.
- Posted in